In Gramatika By Daria

Tabela: uslovne kazne

Na engleskom jeziku, kao iu ruskom, postoje prijedlozi koji izražavaju stanje:


If I had a big garden, I would grow a lot of flowers. — bih rasti mnogo cvijeća. If I had a big garden, I would grow a lot of flowers. — If I had a big garden, I would grow a lot of flowers. — Da sam imao veliki vrt, ja rasti mnogo cvijeće.

Uslovne osude conditional sentences može izraziti stvarni real i nestvarno unreal stanje. Ova tablica pokazuje povezanost oblika predikata u glavnom i zavisne rečenice.

↓ Preuzmite tablicu engleskog uslovne osude

Condition
(stanje)
Subordinate clause
(klauzula nudi mali-F)
Principal clause
(glavni nudi mali-F)
Translation
(prijevod)
Real Present/Future
(Type 0)
Present Simple Present Simple bez TO
If (when) you heat water, it boils
If people need money, they borrow it from banks.
Present/Future
(Type 1)
Present Simple/Cont. will + Infinitive
If it looks like rain, we’ ll stay at home.
If I have more time, I’ ll come over.
If he is working on Friday, he won’t be able to go with us.
Unreal Present/Future
(Type 2)
Past Simple/Cont. would/could/might + Infinitive TO
If I were you, I would go there myself.
If I had more time, I would come over.
If you knew him better, you wouldn’t think so.
If it were not raining, I could go out
Past
(Type 3)
Past Perfect would/could/have + Participle II
If you had gone there, you would have seen him.
If it hadn’t been so hot last summer, we could have gone to the South.

↓ Preuzmite tablicu engleskog uslovne osude

  • Type 0 — tip uslovne kazne, koji opisuju događaje, pojave, stvari su istinite, činjenica (Scientific, poznati). Oni su pravi.
  • Type 1 — tip uslovne kazne, koje opisuju događaje u budućnosti vremena, oni su pravi i moguće.
  • Type 2 — tip uslovne kazne, koji opisuje događaje od značaja za sadašnjost ili budućnost, ali oni nisu pravi.
  • Type 3 — tip uslovne kazne u kojem događaje su prošlo vrijeme, oni bi se moglo dogoditi, ali nije došlo.

Detaljan opis svake vrste uslovne kazne izrečene u članku «Uvjetni rečenica na engleskom jeziku.»

Ono što još treba da znate o uslovne osude?

  1. Uslovne kazne često koristi sindikata if Ali, to je također pronađena in case provided unless suppose In case provided postoje uglavnom rečenice s divljim:

    In case I don’t find her at home, I’ll leave her a note. — I don’t find her at home, I’ll leave her a note. — Ako ja ne treba da ga pronaći kod kuće, ja ću joj ostavili komentar.

    We’ll finish the work on time provided you send all the necessary materials. — you send all the necessary materials. — Mi ćemo završiti posao na vrijeme, pod uvjetom da Vam poslati sve potrebne materijale.

    Unless negativnu vrijednost:

    I’ll come in time unless I am detained at work. — I am detained at work. — Ja ću doći na vrijeme, ako nije održao se na poslu.

    Suppose karakteristika prijedloga s nerealnim uvjetima:

    Suppose she wrote to you, what would you answer? — she wrote to you, what would you answer? — Pretpostavimo da ga pisati, što biste vi odgovorili?

  2. Postoje dvije vrste mješovitih rečenica izražava nestvarno stanje:
    • stanje se odnosi na prošlost Type 3), kao posljedica do danas Type 2):

      If you had taken your medicine yesterday, you would be well today. — well today. — Ako ste jučer napravili ovaj lijek, sada ćete biti zdravi.

    • stanje se ne odnosi na određeno vrijeme Type 2), a samim tim i pripada prošlosti Type 3):

      If he were not so absent-minded, he would not have missed the train yesterday. — the train yesterday. — Ako on nije bio tako rastrojen, on ne bi propustio voz sinoć.

  3. Unreal stanje može se izraziti na sljedeći način but for + imenica / zamjenica):

    But for the rain , we would go down to the country. — , we would go down to the country. — Da nije bilo kiše, mi bi izaći iz grada.

  4. Ponude od nerealnih uvjetima sadržanim had were could should bez se često koriste sindikata, ali u ovom slučaju ušla inverzija, tj mijenja redoslijed riječi:

    Had I time , I would study Spanish. — , I would study Spanish. — Da sam imao vremena, ja bih počeo da naučiti španjolski.

Stoga, uslovne kazne nisu baš komplikovano gramatike materijal. Glavna stvar — pravo na odnose verbalne oblike u glavnom i zavisne rečenice.

Ako mislite da ste saznali da je predmet, a zatim pokušajte vaše ruke, odgovarajući na pitanja test «test na korištenje uslovne kazne na engleskom jeziku.»

 

Gramatika

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>