In Gramatika By Aleksandar

Tabela: množina imenice

Množine imenica

Na engleskom, studija o dijelovima govora, kao imenica, gotovo da i nema problema. Jedina stvar koju treba zapamtiti dobro — ovo pravilo množine. A za praktičnost memorije, predstavljamo ova pravila u tablici.


Na blogu ima članak na množinu imenice na engleskom jeziku, koji ukratko navodi pravila njegovog formiranja. Ovo sto je dopuna članka. To pokazuje više primjera, a ona je prikladan za korištenje.

Kada nauče sva pravila formiranja množinu imenica, prođe ovaj kviz za testiranje vašeg znanja.
↓ Preuzmite tablicu (*.pdf, 75 KB)

A način formiranja Primjeri Isključenja
1. + — s a cat – cats
a table – tables
a book – books
2. — s ss sh ch tch x + — es a bus – buses
a glass – glasses
a brush – brushes
a torch – torches
a match – matches
a box — boxes
3. — y –> — i + — es a fly – flies
an army – armies
a lady – ladies
4. — o + — es a hero – heroes
a potato – potatoes
a torpedo – torpedoes
a piano – pianos
a kilo – kilos
a photo – photos
a video – videos
a flamingo – flamingos (es)
a volcano – volcanos (es)
5. — ay ey oy + — s a day – days
a key – keys
a boy — boys
6. — f –> — v + — es a wife – wives
a knife – knives
a life – lives
a leaf – leaves
a sheaf – sheaves
a thief – thieves
a calf – calves
a half – halves
a shelf – shelves
a wolf — wolves
a scarf – scarfs (ves)
a wharf – wharfs (ves)
a dwarf – dwarfs (ves)
a hoof – hoofs (ves)
But: chiefs, roofs, safes, cliffs, beliefs
7. Imenice ne mijenja u skladu s pravilima (Irregular nouns) a man – men
a woman – women
a child – children
a brother — brethren
a foot – feet
a tooth – teeth
a goose – geese
a mouse – mice
a louse – lice
an ox – oxen
8. forma ne mijenja a fish – fish
a deer – deer
a sheep – sheep
a trout – trout
a swine – swine
an aircraft – aircraft
a means – means
a fish – fishes ( vrsta)
9. Imenice latinskog porekla
a) — us –> — i a stimulus – stimuli
genius – genii
a bonus – bonuses
a virus – viruses
a circus – circuses
a radius – radiuses (radii)
a cactus – cactuses (cacti)
a nucleus – nucleuses (nuclei)
b) — a –> — ae a larva – larvae
an alumna – alumnae
a formula – formulae (formulas)
But: areas, diplomas, arenas
c) — um –> — a a datum – data
a curriculum – curricula
a symposium – symposia (simposiums)
a memorandum – memoranda (memorandums)
a medium – media (mediums)
But: albums, chrysanthemums
d) — exix –> — ces an index – indices ( matematici)
an appendix — appendices ( knjigama)
a codex – codices
an index – indexes ( knjigama)
an appendix – appendixes ( medicini)
10. Imenice grčkog porijekla
a) — is –> — es a thesis – theses
a crisis – crises
a analysis – analyses
a basis – bases
a metropolis – metropolises
b) — on –> — a a criterion – criteria
a phenomenon – phenomena
a demon – demons
an electron – electrons
11. Compound imenice a schoolboy – schoolboys
a housewife – housewives
a postman – postmen
1) Ako je struktura uključuje izgovor:
a mother-in-law – mothers-in-law
a passer-by – passers by
2) Ako se prva riječ man ili woman:
a man-servant – men-servants
a woman-doctor – women-doctors
3) Ako se dio nije imenica:
a forget-me-not – forget-me-nots
a merry-go-round – merry-go-rounds
12. Imenice imaju samo jednini advice
education
hair
information
knowledge
luck
luggage
money
music
news
progress
seaside
shopping
traffic
trouble
weather
work, etc.

Posebni slučajevi:

  • Billiards billiard — koristi se kako u množini i jedninu, zahtijeva korištenje jednine glagola u oba slučaja.
  • Clothes scissors spectacles trousers — koriste se samo u množini.
  • Contents — koristi u množini u smislu sadržaja ništa (kutije, ormari i sl D..).
  • Goods — koristi u množini u smislu «robe».
  • Optics physics politics — često uz glagol koristi u jednini.
  • Riches — značenje «bogatstvo» se koristi sa glagolom u množini.
  • Scales — koristi kako u množini i jedninu (u američkom engleskom često se koristi u jednini, kao u britanskom — u množini).

 

Gramatika

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