In Gramatika By Helena

Razlika između riječi, besides, except i apart from

Riječ besides except i apart from često zbunjeni i nepravilnu upotrebu, jer su svi ruski prevesti kao «ali». Naoružani ovo vrijedno znanje, nismo stvarno misle o tome riječ «, ali» može potrajati pozitivne i negativne vrijednosti. Nakon razmatranja materijala u ovom članku, pogled na pravila i primjere, vi ćete naučiti kako da koriste riječi besides except a apart from u svom govoru.


  1. Besides — riječ sa «plus», što obično znači «Osim toga dodatno apart.»

    Besides Russian, he can speak English and French. — francuski. Besides Russian, he can speak English and French. — Besides Russian, he can speak English and French. — Pored / pored ruskom, on zna kako da govori engleski i francuski.

    Dakle, on govori tri jezika. Besides što pokazuje da je ruski jezik je uključen u popisu jezika, koje je on vlasnik.

    Besides Tom and Jane, I invited eight people to the party. — ljudi u stranci. Besides Tom and Jane, I invited eight people to the party. — Besides Tom and Jane, I invited eight people to the party. — Osim Tom i Jane, pozvao sam osam ljudi u stranci.

    besides možemo utvrditi da su pozvani Toma i Jane.

    Pored toga, besides da se može koristiti kada je potrebno naglasiti da naglasim nekom trenutku ili dodati nešto važno.

    He is not a responsible worker. Besides, he is always late! — He is not a responsible worker. Besides, he is always late! — To nije jako odgovoran radnik. Osim toga / štaviše, on je uvijek kasno!

    U drugoj rečenici sadrži informacije koje govornik smatra važan dodatak na prethodnu izjavu.

  2. Except — ova riječ sa znakom «minus». Ovo riječ isključuje stavku sa liste. Except možete prevesti «izuzetak, ne uključujući».

    We visited all European countries except (for) Germany. — Njemačka. We visited all European countries except (for) Germany. — We visited all European countries except (for) Germany. — Obišli smo sve zemlje Europe, osim za / s izuzetkom Njemačke.

    Putem except jasno je da Njemačka ne nalazi na listi zemalja koje smo bili u mogućnosti posjetiti.

    I invited eight people to the party except (for) Tom and Jane. — (za) Tom i Jane. I invited eight people to the party except (for) Tom and Jane. — I invited eight people to the party except (for) Tom and Jane. — Ja sam pozvan na zabavu od osam, sa izuzetkom Toma i Jane.

    Except isključuju Tom i Jane sa liste gostiju.

    He can speak many languages except Chinese. — He can speak many languages except Chinese. — On može govoriti mnoge jezike, osim kineski.

    Imajte na umu da u nekim except koristi riječ for

    Mi koristimo except for

    • Gdje bi trebalo biti imenica ili imenica fraza koja sadrži imenica:

      The yard was empty except for the small dog. – psa. The yard was empty except for the small dog. – The yard was empty except for the small dog. – U dvorištu nije bilo nikoga, osim malog psa.

      The children were listening to the teacher except for the boys. – za dječake. The children were listening to the teacher except for the boys. – The children were listening to the teacher except for the boys. – Djeca slušaju učitelja, osim za dječake.

    • Kada riječi kao što su all any every everything everybody no nothing nobody whole i njihovi derivati for često previđa (ali ponekad se može koristiti ako, kada se ažuriranje):

      I have told everybody except (for) John, who can’t keep secrets. – John, koji ne mogu da čuvaju tajne. I have told everybody except (for) John, who can’t keep secrets. – I have told everybody except (for) John, who can’t keep secrets. – Rekao sam svima, osim John, koji ne zna kako da čuva tajne.

      Nothing will change except (for) your salary. — plaće. Nothing will change except (for) your salary. — Nothing will change except (for) your salary. — Ništa se neće promijeniti, osim plate.

    • Međutim, ako dio riječi except štandova na početku prijedloga, for — svakako, i ovaj dio prijedloga odvojenih zarezom:

      Except for John, I have told everybody.

      Except for your salary, nothing will change.

    • Prije prijedloga i veznika postaviti samo except

      I can sleep everywhere except on a bus. – I can sleep everywhere except on a bus. – Ne mogu spavati bilo gdje, ali ne u autobusu.

      She is very polite except when she is angry. — ljuta. She is very polite except when she is angry. — She is very polite except when she is angry. — Ona je vrlo ljubazan, osim kad je ljuta.

      He couldn’t find any other job except as a refuse collector. — kao kolekcionar otpad. He couldn’t find any other job except as a refuse collector. — He couldn’t find any other job except as a refuse collector. — On nije mogao naći drugi posao, ali posao Scavenger.

    • Imajte na umu da nakon što except for koristimo lične zamenice u cilj slučaj: me him her us them you i it ostaje nepromijenjen):

      Everybody knew about the latest news except (for) me. — mene. Everybody knew about the latest news except (for) me. — Everybody knew about the latest news except (for) me. — Svi su svjesni najnovije vijesti, osim za mene.

      All participants arrived except (for) him. – All participants arrived except (for) him. – Svi učesnici su stigli, osim za njega.

      We all are ready except (for) you. – vas. We all are ready except (for) you. – We all are ready except (for) you. – Svi smo spremni, ali ti.

  3. Apart from se može koristiti u oba smisla: uključivanje i isključivanje.

    Apart from Russian, he can speak English and French. (apart from = besides)

    We visited all European countries apart from Germany. (apart from = except)

    Možete pitati: kako napraviti razliku između onoga što vrijednost se koristi apart from Mi smo se razlikuju samo u kontekstu.

  4. Imajte na umu da je nakon riječi no nobody nothing i slične riječi s negativnu vrijednost, možete koristiti bilo koji od tri riječi besides / except / apart from

    My brother has nothing to do besides / except / apart from watching TV. — The only thing my brother does is watching TV.

    She can play no musical instruments besides / except / apart from the piano. – The only musical instrument she can play is the piano.

    I have nobody to rely on besides / except / apart from my best friend. – The only person I can rely on is my best friend.

Pregledali smo najčešća upotreba riječi besides except apart from ali ne zaboravite, oni se mogu koristiti u drugim vrijednostima, biti različitih dijelova govora (npr, except može djelovati kao glagol (da se isključe, u znak protesta, um), i riječi besides i apart mogu biti prilozi).

Kako bi osigurali to znanje, pozivamo Vas da prođe mali test.
Ubacite ponuda besides ili except for

 

Gramatika

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