In Gramatika By Viktorija

Pridjeva na -ing i -ed na engleskom jeziku

Na engleskom, postoje neki parovi pridjeva, koji se razlikuju samo na kraju. Ovo može biti ili — ing ili — ed Ali ovo je kraj, i to utiče na vrijednost dijelova govora na engleskom jeziku. Koja je glavna razlika između njih? Pogledajmo ove situacije. Odlučili smo da vide novi film. Pola sata kasnije smo shvatili da je film je nevjerojatno dosadan i nezanimljiv, ali i dalje pokušava da pogledate u njegov sadržaj. Još dvadeset minuta kasnije shvatimo da smo izgubili interes, i, prema tome, previše dosadan. Ono što pridjevi, a ne sa onim što završetaka, što se primjenjuju u prvom i drugom slučaju?


Govoreći o filmu, mi reći kakav učinak proizvodi na osobu. To je aktivan vrijednost. Film je nezanimljiv i dosadan — not interesting boring U ovom slučaju, mi ćemo morati da prideva — ing na engleskom jeziku. Ali kraj — ed pridjeve podrazumijeva opis osjećaja, emocija, ljudsko stanje izazvano bilo kakvu akciju. Ova vrijednost je već pasivan. Nas ne zanima i dosadno — not interested bored Da rezimiramo, nalazimo da je na prideva — ing na engleskom definirati akciju vrši na ljudsku vrstu efekta, i ljudsko stanje u tom smislu je već izražena u pridjev — ed na engleskom jeziku. Moguće je da se jednog od dva formule:

  1. Somebody is – ed if something (or smb) is – ing
  2. If something (or smb) is – ing , it makes you – ed

Pretpostavimo da ne moraju biti teško ili zbunjujuće objašnjenje, primjere vidjet ćete da je mnogo lakše.

It’s been raining all day. I hate this weather. The weather is depressing. This weather makes me feel depressed. — It’s been raining all day. I hate this weather. The weather is depressing. This weather makes me feel depressed. — Cijeli dan kiša. Mrzim ovom vremenu. Vrijeme depresivno. Zbog vremenskih osećam potlačenih.

U prvoj rečenici na pridjev — ing na engleskom jeziku, jer govorimo o utjecaju vremenskih na mene. Druga rečenica je potrebno da se pridjev — ed jer ja govorim o tome kako se osjeća zbog ovog vremena.

Mathematics is one of my main interests. I am interested in mathematics. I find mathematics very interesting. — Mathematics is one of my main interests. I am interested in mathematics. I find mathematics very interesting. — Matematika — ovo je jedan od mojih glavnih hobija. Zanima (zainteresirani) iz matematike. Mislim da je matematika je vrlo zanimljiv.

U prvom slučaju, pridjev se koristi za — ed jer sam opisati emocije koje imam je da nauka, au drugom slučaju, pridjev na — ing objašnjava ono što mi je zanimljiv matematika, koja je, ima definitivan utjecaj na mene.

Mislim da su dva primjera s detaljnom analizom je dovoljan, sljedeće stvari treba da bude jasan sam po sebi:

I turned off the television in the middle of the program. The program was boring. I was bored. — programa. I turned off the television in the middle of the program. The program was boring. I was bored. — I turned off the television in the middle of the program. The program was boring. I was bored. — Isključio sam TV u sredini transfera. Bilo je dosadno. Dosadno mi je.

She is going to Portugal next month. She has never been there before. She is really excited about going there. It will be an exciting experience for her. — She is going to Portugal next month. She has never been there before. She is really excited about going there. It will be an exciting experience for her. — Ona će Portugal sljedećeg mjeseca. Ona nikada nije bila u toj zemlji. Ona je oduševljen putovanje u ovu zemlju. To će biti fascinantno iskustvo za nju.

Kerry teaches children. It’s hard job. She often finds her job exhausting. At the end of the day she is often exhausted. — često iscrpljena. Kerry teaches children. It’s hard job. She often finds her job exhausting. At the end of the day she is often exhausted. — Kerry teaches children. It’s hard job. She often finds her job exhausting. At the end of the day she is often exhausted. — Carey uči djecu. To je težak posao. Često, ona osigurava da je njen rad je iscrpljujuće. Često na kraju dana, ona osjeća umorno.

We were all horrified when we heard about the disaster. – katastrofe. We were all horrified when we heard about the disaster. – We were all horrified when we heard about the disaster. – Svi smo bili prestravljeni kad su čuli za nesreću.

I had never expected to be offered the job. I was really amazed when I was offered it. – posao. I had never expected to be offered the job. I was really amazed when I was offered it. – ga. I had never expected to be offered the job. I was really amazed when I was offered it. – I had never expected to be offered the job. I was really amazed when I was offered it. – Nisam očekivao da ću biti ponuđen posao. Tako da sam bio jako iznenađen kad se to dogodilo.

Imajte na umu da na prideva — ed na engleskom jeziku često koristi s određenim izgovorima, ali samo ako je dalje istakao šta je uzrok ovog stanja:

  • I am interested in mathematics.
  • She is really excited about going there.

U suprotnom, ne treba izgovor:

  • The weather makes me feel depressed.
  • I was bored.
  • She is often exhausted.
  • We were all horrified.
  • I was really amazed.

Ono što drugi pridjevi na — ing i — ed na engleskom jeziku?

U nastavku su par najčešće korištenih pridjevi od ovoj temi:

  1. Surprising (amazing, neočekivano) — surprised (zapanjen, šokiran)
  2. Disappointing (razočaravajuće) — disappointed (razočarani, frustrirani)
  3. Tiring (dosadan, iscrpljujući) — tired (umoran, iscrpljen)
  4. Fascinating (šarmantan, šarmantan) — fascinated (ravnodušnim, Enchanted)
  5. Amusing (funny, funny) i mused (zapanjen, veseli)
  6. Astonishing (neverovatnih) — astonished (iznenađen, šokiran)
  7. Shocking (strašna, šokantno) — shocked (šokiran, šokiran)
  8. Disgusting (odvratno, ružno) — disgusted (zgrožen)
  9. Embarrassing (čudno, stidljiva) — embarrassed (neugodno, zbunjeno)
  10. Confusing (zbunjen, nesiguran) — confused (zbunjeni, zbunjen)
  11. Terrifying (zastrašujuće, zastrašujuće) — terrified (zapanjeni, prestravljen)
  12. Frightening (zastrašujuće, strašno) — frightened (uplašen, zapanjen)
  13. Depressing (depresivno, bez sjaja) — depressed (depresivni, ugnjetenih)
  14. Worrying (anksiozni, emocionalna) — worried (zabrinuto, zabrinuto)
  15. Annoying (nametljiv, dosadan) i nnoyed (iznerviran, iznervirana)
  16. Satisfying (ugodan) — satisfied (zadovoljan, zadovoljan)

 

Gramatika

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