In Gramatika By Viktorija

Glagol TO BE TO

Glagol to be to se može koristiti u dva put Dimenzije: sadašnjost i prošlost. U skladu s tim, oblici će biti prikladno. Ako je sada, biramo između — I am to he / she / it is to you / we / they are to Kada nam je potrebna prošlih vremena, koristimo dvije opcije — was to (jedan broj), were to (množina). A šta ako moramo izraziti neke misli u budućem vremenu? U ovom slučaju, imamo podršku modalni glagol have to


Značenje glagol to be to je da je prisustvo glagola u rečenici podrazumijeva prethodnog zajedničkog dogovora o potrebi da se izvrši bilo koju akciju. Stoga, prevod glagol će se oslanjati na takve jezika kao «dogovoreno», «dogovoreno», «bio dužan», «suđeno», «prikupljati», itd Ovo može vrlo jasno vidjeti na primjerima:

We are to decide it right now. – We are to decide it right now. – Moramo odlučiti ovo sada.

Who is to do the talking today? – Who is to do the talking today? – Tko sada će nositi na razgovor?

What am I to tell my parents? – What am I to tell my parents? – Pa, šta ću da razgovaram sa roditeljima?

It was the last ceremony I was to see. – vidim. It was the last ceremony I was to see. – It was the last ceremony I was to see. – To je bila zadnja ceremonija koje sam imao (to je bio da) vide.

She couldn’t decide whether the letter was to be answered or not. – popunjeno ili ne. She couldn’t decide whether the letter was to be answered or not. – She couldn’t decide whether the letter was to be answered or not. – Nije mogla da odluči da li je ona bila odgovor na pismo ili ne.

The film was to be dubbed later. – The film was to be dubbed later. – Film mora su duplicirane kasnije.

Will I see you again? – It’s likely. I am to be at the hotel for another week. – još jedan tjedan. Will I see you again? – It’s likely. I am to be at the hotel for another week. – Will I see you again? – It’s likely. I am to be at the hotel for another week. – Hoće li te opet vidim? — Najvjerojatnije. Moram ostati u hotelu za nedelju dana.

They will have to meet at the theatre. – They will have to meet at the theatre. – Oni su se dogovorili da se sastanu u pozorištu.

Imajte na umu da ako nakon modalni glagol to be to koristili savršen infinitiv, podrazumijeva se da je akcija bila prvobitno planirano, ali, na žalost, nije ispunjena.

Who was to have done the shopping? – Who was to have done the shopping? – Pa, neko je morao da ići u kupovinu? (i nitko je otišao)

The detective was to have carried out an investigation but the circumstances changed. – istragu, ali okolnosti promijenjen. The detective was to have carried out an investigation but the circumstances changed. – The detective was to have carried out an investigation but the circumstances changed. – Ovaj detektiv morao da provede istragu, ali okolnosti su se promijenile. (i to ne vodi istragu)

Ono što još izražava glagol to be to

Pored svoje temeljne vrijednosti, modalni glagol to be to se primijeniti na izraz:

  1. Poredak

    You are to report to the captain. – You are to report to the captain. – Trebalo bi obavijestiti kapetana.

  2. Ban (negativni napon)

    You are not to tell anyone about it! – You are not to tell anyone about it! – Ne bi trebalo reći na koga!

  3. Pitanje dalje smjernice ili upute (u upitni kazne)

    What am I to do, Sir? – What am I to do, Sir? – Šta da radim, gospodine?

Ova tema je usko povezan sa druge kao što je opisano u člancima koje je potrebno obratiti pozornost:

  • «Glagol MUST
  • «Glagol HAVE TO
  • «Glagol je NEED
  • Should, must ili have to – modalni glagol odabrati? »
  • «Glagol SHALL (SHOULD)

Nakon njih čitanja, preporučujemo da prođe test sljedeće: «. Test # 2 na upotrebu modalnih glagola u engleskom jeziku»

 

Gramatika

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