In Gramatika By Aleksandar

Budućnost prošlosti na engleskom jeziku — Vrijeme Future in the Past

Na engleskom, sve je moguće. Čak i taj apsurdni naziv za čitav puta grupa — Future in the Past — budućnost u prošlosti. Kako je to moguće, pitate. Kao strašne budućnosti u kontekstu prošlosti? Vrlo jednostavno — mi pričamo o tome kada govorimo o akciji, koja je budućnost za određenom trenutku u prošlosti. Samo dati primjer:


He said he would come at 5 o’clock. – He said he would come at 5 o’clock. – Rekao je da će doći na 05:00.

U to vrijeme, kada se kaže još nemaju 5 sati. To je učinak «dolaze» je budućnost u odnosu na prethodnu akciju «, rekao je on.» Ovdje imate vremena, Future in the Past

Tu je četiri puta Group Future in the Past

  1. Future Simple in the Past
  2. Future Continuous in the Past
  3. Future Perfect in the Past
  4. Future Perfect Continuous in the Past

Edukacija Times Future in the Past: Formula

Puta Future in the Past se formiraju na isti način kao i njihovi kolege iz grupe Future samo umjesto pomoćnog glagola will i shall koristiti would i should Should se koristi samo za prvo lice jednine i množine, ali postoji tendencija da se koristi would za sva lica i brojeva:

Future Simple in the Past Future Continuous in the Past
I would (should) work. I would (should) be working.
We would (should) work. We would (should) be working.
You would work. You would be working.
He (she, it) would work. He (she, it) would be working.
They would work. They would be working.
Future Perfect in the Past Future Perfect Continuous in the Past
I would (should) have worked. I would (should) have been working.
We would (should) have worked. We would (should) have been working.
You would have worked. You would have been working.
He (she, it) would have worked. He (she, it) would have been working.
They would have worked. They would have been working.

U upitni oblik pomoćnog glagola would should biti stavljen pred predmet:

  • Would I work?
  • Would we be working?
  • Would he have worked?
  • Would they have been working?

U negativnom obliku not stavlja nakon pomoćnog glagola would should

  • I would not work.
  • We would not be working.
  • He would not have worked.
  • They would not have been working.

Kao skraćenom obliku koristi ‘d potvrdno na oba pomoćnih i wouldn t shouldn t u negativan:

  • He’d be working.
  • They wouldn’t have worked.
  • We shouldn’t work.

Koristite Future in the Past: primjeri prijedloga

Puta Future in the Past koristili u zavisne rečenice, kada je glavni klauzula predikat izrazio je glagol u prošlom vremenu. Svrha korištenja Future in the Past — da se pokaže da je akcija u podređenom klauzule će se dogoditi nakon akcije u glavnom klauzule.

Evo nekoliko primjera Future in the Past

I thought that you would be late — Mislila sam da će biti . (Future Simple in the Past) . (Future Simple in the Past)

I knew we would be packing next Friday. – next Friday. – Znam da ćemo se sastati u narednih . (Future Continuous in the Past) . (Future Continuous in the Past)

He said he would have read the book by the time I needed it. – the book by the time I needed it. – Rekao je da je završio čitanje knjige u vrijeme kada joj je bilo potrebno . (Future Perfect in the Past) . (Future Perfect in the Past)

We said that by the time he picks us up he would have been driving for two hours. – for two hours. – On je rekao da će nas vrijeme on poberet, on će se voziti dva . (Future Perfect Continuous in the Past) . (Future Perfect Continuous in the Past)

Stoga, vrijeme Future in the Past ukazuju na buduće aktivnosti u odnosu na određene tačke u prošlosti. Kao što se može vidjeti iz primjera, prijedlog mora sadržavati glagol u prošlom vremenu u glavnom klauzule, bez upotrebe Future in the Past nemoguće.

Ako ste se već susreli kao što je tema kao «vremenske sekvence na engleskom jeziku», vi ćete shvatiti da je vrijeme za Future in the Past nastala upravo zbog pravila koordinacije. Zanimljivo, na engleskom jeziku gramatike priručnike puta Future in the Past ne ističe kao posebna grupa, a smatraju se u skladu sa pravilima glagolskih vremena i izraza budućnosti radnje opisane u prošlosti. Osim toga, na korištenje would umjesto toga will se učiti u studiji indirektnih govora na engleskom jeziku, tako da je i predmet pravila glagolskih vremena:

He says: “ I won’t buy this car. ” – ovaj automobil. He says: “ I won’t buy this car. ” – He says: “ I won’t buy this car. ” – On kaže:» Ja ne kupiti ovaj automobil «.

He said he wouldn’t buy this car. – He said he wouldn’t buy this car. – Rekao je da nije kupio taj auto.

She hopes she will have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – do početka proljeća. She hopes she will have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – She hopes she will have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – Nadamo se da će kurs završiti do početka leta.

She hoped she would have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – do početka proljeća. She hoped she would have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – She hoped she would have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – Nadamo se da će kurs završiti do početka leta.

Iz ovih primjera jasno je da je vrijeme grupe Future izražavaju buduće akcije u odnosu na današnjih dana, a vrijeme grupe Future in the Past — buduće aktivnosti u odnosu na posljednji trenutak.

Na kraju, ostaje da se kaže da je Future in the Past se obično koristi nakon glagola govora say tell i mentalnih aktivnosti think know believe expect hope itd)

Primjena puta Future Continuous in the Past Future Perfect in the Past i Future Perfect Continuous in the Past — znatno ograničen, ali je Future Simple in the Past nije neuobičajeno.

Naslov puta Future in the Past mi smo smatrali posebno jer se smatra domaćim prednosti, jer je prisutan u udžbenicima, a studenti mogu biti teško. Ali ja vjerujem da ova vremena se ne izdvaja kao dobili na engleskom jeziku gramatičari, logičnije da se ne stvaraju nepotrebne konfuzije.

Sada pokušajte sljedeće test Future in the Past da konsoliduju svoje znanje:

 

Gramatika

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